Respiratory Health in Cold Weather: Managing Asthma and Allergies in Winter

As Londoners welcome the winter season, it’s not just the drop in temperature to prepare for, but also the increased challenges in managing respiratory conditions like asthma and allergies. 

The cold weather, while enchanting with its frosty mornings, can be particularly harsh for those with sensitive respiratory systems. 

This blog looks into the reasons behind the exacerbation of asthma and allergies during winter and offers detailed strategies to manage these conditions effectively.

Understanding Asthma and Allergies in Winter

Winter brings a significant change in the air we breathe. For asthma sufferers, cold air can cause the airways to tighten, leading to wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. This reaction, known as bronchospasm, can be quite severe. 

Unlike outdoor allergens that are more prevalent in warmer months, these indoor allergens are present year-round and can become more concentrated in homes during winter because windows are often closed and there’s less ventilation. This lack of fresh air circulation allows allergens to accumulate inside, which can trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals.

Manage asthma in winter by limiting exposure to cold air and utilising inhalers as prescribed.

Common Winter Allergens and Asthma Triggers

Identifying and understanding common triggers during winter is crucial. Indoor heating systems can circulate dust, pollen, and other airborne allergens, while pets, spending more time indoors, contribute to increased pet dander. 

Moisture from rain and snow can also lead to mould growth in damp areas of homes. Recognising these triggers is the first step in creating a winter asthma and allergy management plan.

In winter, individuals with asthma may face increased challenges due to the colder temperatures. Cold air can be a significant trigger for asthma, often leading to bronchial irritation and constriction. 

While London’s air tends to be more damp than dry during winter, the contrast between the cold outdoor air and the warmth of indoor heating can still impact those with asthma. Indoor heating can circulate dust and other irritants, exacerbating asthma symptoms. 

Managing Asthma in Cold Weather

Preventive Measures

Effective asthma management in winter revolves around prevention. This includes adhering to prescribed medication regimens, regular checkups with our medical doctors to monitor your condition, as well as having quick access to reliever inhalers. It’s also important to minimise exposure to cold air, which can be a significant trigger.

On particularly cold days, staying indoors as much as possible and using a scarf to cover your nose and mouth when going outside can help. Additionally, using a peak flow meter to monitor your asthma can be an effective way to prevent severe attacks.

It may also be beneficial to use an air purifier to maintain good indoor air quality. 

Lifestyle Adjustments

Making lifestyle adjustments can significantly ease asthma symptoms in winter. Keeping your home warm and using a humidifier can prevent the dry, heated air from irritating your airways. 

However, it’s important to maintain a balance as overly humid conditions can promote mould growth. Regular exercise, preferably indoors during the colder months, can improve lung function and overall health. Yoga and breathing exercises can also be beneficial in managing asthma symptoms.

Emergency Preparedness

An asthma action plan is essential, especially in winter when symptoms can be more severe. This plan should include information on how to manage an asthma attack, when to seek medical help, and a list of emergency contacts. It’s also important to have regular check-ups with your healthcare provider to ensure your asthma is well-controlled during the winter months.

Dealing with Allergies in Winter

Identifying Indoor Allergens

Managing allergies in winter starts with identifying and reducing exposure to indoor allergens. Regular cleaning, especially in areas where allergens accumulate like bedding, carpets, and upholstery, is crucial.

Using vacuum cleaners with HEPA filters can effectively remove allergens from your home environment. Additionally, controlling humidity levels in your home can help reduce the growth of mould and dust mites.

Allergy Management Strategies

For those with winter allergies, several strategies can help manage symptoms. Over-the-counter antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays can provide relief. For more severe cases, consulting our doctors for prescription medication or allergy shots may be necessary. It’s also worth exploring allergen immunotherapy, a long-term treatment that can decrease sensitivity to allergens over time.

Diet and Allergies

Diet plays a significant role in managing allergies. Foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, flaxseed, and walnuts, can help reduce inflammation associated with allergic reactions. Incorporating a variety of fruits and vegetables, which are high in antioxidants and vitamins, can also support the immune system. It’s important to be aware of any food allergies and avoid foods that may trigger allergic reactions. For assistance with nutrition, our dieticians are available to offer beneficial recommendations.

Children and Respiratory Health in Winter

In winter, children’s sensitive respiratory systems are particularly vulnerable to asthma and allergies. To protect them, it’s crucial to ensure they are warmly dressed, especially with scarves covering their nose and mouths to warm the air they breathe. Strict adherence to their medication schedule is essential for managing existing conditions. 

Being alert to any signs of respiratory distress or allergic reactions is important, as these may require prompt medical attention. Simple measures like these can significantly help in safeguarding children’s respiratory health during the colder months.

Dress children in warm clothes when outside in the cold winter air and use scarves around their faces and mouths to warm the air they breathe.

Mental Health and Respiratory Issues

The winter months can amplify the mental health challenges in general, and even more so when associated with chronic respiratory issues like asthma and allergies. The stress and anxiety of managing these conditions can take a toll on one’s mental well-being. 

It’s important to seek support when needed, whether from our helpful and compassionate doctors, mental health professionals or support groups. 

Additionally, incorporating stress-reduction techniques such as mindfulness and meditation into daily routines can help maintain mental balance during these times.

Additional Tips and Resources

Additional Tips and Resources for Managing Respiratory Health in Winter

To further support your respiratory health during the colder months, consider these additional tips:

  • Stay Active: Regular physical activity can strengthen your respiratory system. Activities like indoor swimming, yoga, or even a brisk walk can improve lung capacity and overall health.
  • Breathing Exercises: Practising breathing exercises, such as diaphragmatic breathing or pursed-lip breathing, can help in managing shortness of breath and improving lung function.
  • Balanced Diet: Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains can boost your immune system and overall health, which is vital for those with respiratory conditions.
  • Adequate Hydration: Keeping hydrated helps maintain the moisture in your airways, making it easier to breathe. Aim for at least 8 glasses of water a day.
  • Good Sleep Hygiene: Quality sleep is crucial for overall health and can help in better management of asthma and allergies. Ensure a comfortable sleeping environment and maintain a regular sleep schedule.
  • Online Resources and Apps: Use online resources for up-to-date information and tips on managing respiratory health. Mobile apps focused on respiratory health can also provide useful tools for tracking symptoms and medication.


In summary, managing asthma and allergies during the winter season demands a comprehensive and thoughtful approach. This includes a clear understanding of the specific triggers that winter presents, coupled with necessary lifestyle adjustments to mitigate these challenges. 

Adherence to medication and a proactive stance in seeking professional healthcare advice is also pivotal. 

By embracing these strategies, individuals dealing with asthma and allergies can effectively safeguard their respiratory health throughout the winter months. It’s about staying informed, making well-considered choices, and taking consistent steps to manage these conditions. As we navigate the winter season, let’s focus on maintaining our respiratory well-being with diligence and care.

How MyHealthcare Clinic Can Assist with Your Winter Respiratory, Allergies, and Asthma Issues

MyHealthcare Clinic is here to support you in effectively managing your respiratory health during the challenging winter season. Our team of experienced healthcare professionals is dedicated to helping you navigate these winter-related challenges.

We offer a range of services, including GP consultations, personalised treatment plans, and ongoing support specifically tailored to asthma and allergy management in winter. 

Our skilled doctors understand the unique demands that colder months can bring, and they are well-equipped to provide the guidance and care you need.

Regular check-ups and consultations at MyHealthcare Clinic can be instrumental in keeping your asthma and allergies under control, ensuring a higher quality of life throughout the winter months. We are committed to helping you breathe easier and enjoy the season to the fullest.


For more information about allergies in winter and asthma in cold weather, read our most commonly asked questions.

Can cold weather cause asthma?

Yes, cold weather can trigger asthma symptoms by causing the airways to tighten, a reaction known as bronchospasm.

What are common allergies in winter symptoms?

Common symptoms include sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, itchy eyes, and coughing, often mistaken for a cold.

Why is asthma worse in winter?

Asthma can worsen in winter due to cold air, indoor allergens, and increased exposure to respiratory infections.

How can I manage allergies in the winter season?

Effective management includes keeping your home clean, managing indoor allergens, and consulting with a GP for personalised advice and treatment.

Are there specific concerns for asthma in the winter?

Yes, cold air and dry indoor heating can exacerbate asthma symptoms, making management more challenging.