5 Things You Should Know About Travel Vaccinations
Travelling can be a rewarding and unforgettable experience. However, before taking off it is important to take all the right measures to make the best out of your trip while staying safe and healthy. Making sure to get all the vaccines you need for your destination is one of the main things to consider before leaving. Here are 5 things you may want to know about travel vaccinations.
What types of private travel vaccinations are available?
In the UK, most travel vaccines are not cost-free. The most common ones are Hepatitis B, Meningitis, Rabies, Tick-borne encephalitis, Tuberculosis, Yellow Fever and Japanese Encephalitis. However, the immunisation against Typhoid Fever is given for free on the NHS in the UK.
Which destinations might I need vaccination for?
If you are travelling to an underdeveloped country, where sanitation and food hygiene are likely to be poor, it is even more important to receive the right immunisation. The areas reporting the highest level of risk of exposure to viral diseases are Africa, Southeast Asia, South and Central America and parts of the Middle East.
When should I get Travel Vaccines?
Many immunisations are given in a series of shots over a period of days or weeks. Most of them should be given at least a month before travel. It is recommended to see your GP at least 6 weeks before your trip, to be prepared and immune for the moment to leave.
How effective are travel vaccines?
According to World Health Organisation no vaccine is 100% effective, and not all the people receiving vaccines develop immunisation. However, most vaccines are 85-95% effective.
How long do travel vaccinations last?
Each vaccine has a different durability which can vary from 2 up to 10 years. Some vaccines are lifelong effective, such as the Yellow Fever, and some others need more boosters, just like the Japanese Encephalitis vaccine.
How long does the Typhoid Vaccine last?
Typhoid fever is a disease spreads by a bacteria found in human faeces. High-risk areas include Africa, South East Asia, parts of India and South America. Protection from typhoid fever dramatically declines over time. For this reason, booster doses are recommended every 3 years where the risk of exposure continues.
How long does the Yellow Fever Vaccine last?
Yellow fever is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes. The vaccine is recommended for people from the age of nine months who are travelling in poor and developing areas with poor hygiene and sanitation, such as some areas of Africa, most of South America, and parts of Central America and the Caribbean. Unlike the Typhoid vaccine, for most people, the vaccine provides lifelong immunisation.
How long does the Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine last?
Just like the Yellow Fever, Japanese Encephalitis is a viral disease spread by infected mosquitoes in the Western Pacific and Asia. Its consequences are severe and damaging and can lead to inflammation of the brain (encephalitis). The immunisation’s duration is still unknown. Generally, the vaccine is given in two doses for full protection. The second dose is given a month after the first one. If you are still at high risk of exposure, a booster should be given 1-2 years after the first vaccine.
As well as getting the right immunisations, it is crucial to pack some First-Aid essentials before travelling to countries with high-risk of viral diseases. Carrying Incognito mosquito repellent with you for example, can also help you to further prevent infected mosquito bites. Other medications may also be necessary to help prevent illnesses such as malaria depending on your destination.
Whatever destination you’ll be travelling to next, it is very important for you to book an appointment with your GP to discuss the immunisations you’ll need at least six weeks before your trip. Seeing a Doctor and getting educated around the area you will be visiting will not just be beneficial to you, but it will also prepare you mentally and physically to some of the things you’ll be experiencing in those countries.
To help you gather all the relevant information for your travels, we offer a free travel vaccine consultation 7 days a week at our clinics.